In December of 2011, Laura Ash moved to Tanzania with her family in hopes to light the country with solar energy. A few months later the small family went on a safari and ended up at Kirurumu lodge above Lake Manyara in the Great Rift Valley. There, Laura went on a plant walk with a Maasai herbalist. After that walk, and a plethora of questions, the herbalist asked Laura to help him document his traditional medicine knowledge.
Situated between Russia and China, Mongolia is in a precarious geopolitical position. A socialist revolution in 1921 brought with it Soviet ideas of communist modernity, while a democratic revolution in 1991 brought western, capitalist modernist ideology.1 these political ideologies resulted in increasing urbanization, as well as large scale adoption of European styles of education and European medicinal practices. From 1969 to 1989 the population of Mongolia’s capital city, Ulaanbaatar, more than doubled from around 267,000 to 548,0002, and the ensuing 20 years the population nearly doubled again, to around 950,0003.